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Keynote Address 2016

"India's Space Endeavour : Emerging Scenario, Opportunities and Challenges"



Padmabhushan Hon. Er. K. Radhakrishnan
Ex. Chairman, ISRO

Guest of Honour

In the recent past, ISRO scaled several frontier technologies, enhanced country's space-based strategic capability and accomplished an unprecedented surge in execution of space missions. In the changing the world of communications, broadcasting, broad band internet and disaster communication, India is on the threshold of a leap-frog with satellites in the higher frequency bands (Ka band; 18-31 GHz) and data handling capability in the range of 100 Giga bits per second. There are few new remote sensing satellites on the anvil to enhance the imaging capability for monitoring the Earth as a total system, besides environment studies, oceanography, natural resource monitoring and cartography. One of the highlights is ISRO partnering with Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA to jointly realize a dual frequency microwave imaging satellite by the end of this decade. Space applications and space-based operational services derived from the capabilities of communication satellites and remote sensing satellites have become an integral part of the value chain of the user agencies and user communities in diverse areas of development planning and governance.

Self-reliance in satellite navigation for position information and location-based services has been achieved through a constellation of seven IRNSS satellites since 2013. Further, with its 'GAGAN' using GPS signals, India became the fourth country in the world to offer space-based satellite navigation services to aviation sector.

While space-based applications are the bedrock of the India's space endeavor, research in the areas like astronomy, astrophysics, planetary and earth sciences, atmospheric sciences, theoretical physics form an integral part of the space Endeavour in India.

India's first inter-planetary probe, Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) known widely as 'Mangalyaan, was inserted into the Martian Orbit on 24 September 2014, thus making India to be first Asian country to orbit a spacecraft around Mars and the first country in the world to do it in the first attempt. This path-breaking mission brought India to the pinnacle of glory and national pride. ASTROSAT is a multi-wavelength space-borne observatory that facilitates simultaneous observation of the celestial bodies in ultra-violet, visible and x-ray bands.

Self-reliant launcher technology has been one of our targets. The successful GSLV-D5 with Indian cryogenic stage in January 2014 was a landmark in launcher technology. India's next generation launcher LVM3 crossed a major milestone in December 2014, successfully traversing though the crucial atmospheric flight phase. With the excellent progress in development of the high thrust cryogenic engine and stage, LVM3 is slated to be ready within an year, to launch a 3-4 ton-class satellite into geostationary transfer orbit.

The re-entry and recovery of a full scale unmanned crew module in December 2014, as well as the recent flight test of technology demonstrator of re-usable launch vehicle and air b-breathing propulsion module, are major step forward space exploration in future.

The Indian Space Endeavour is on the threshold of climbing towards the next level of technology ladder, embracing international alliances for newer capabilities, establishing human presence in the Solar System, and also to forge a strong Indian Space Industry to meet local and global markets. Besides driving technological advancements, these space missions inspire young minds and harvest national pride.

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